Warts: Causes and Methods of Removal

A wart (papilloma) is a benign neoplasm that appears on the skin due to the penetration of the papilloma virus into the body. Infectious and transmitted by contact. In addition to their aesthetics and discomfort, warts can cause complications. As an example - neoplasm malignancy due to external factors.

Warts are a serious reason to think about your health. Typically, the virus infects people with weakened immunity, as well as those who are exposed to constant stress and excessive work.

How to recognize a wart?

how to recognize a wart

A wart is a formation on the skin that is different in color from the skin. They are often formed in groups, and the location can be very different: palms, face, feet, and so on. When touched, the texture can be both rough and smooth and flat.

The types of formations depend on the type of viral papilloma and their localization:

  • Common (vulgar) - common, painless, hollow nodules in the shape of a hemisphere, rising above the surface of the skin. They differ by distinct borders, the color ranging from pink to grayish white. It is most commonly found on the hands, but can also be found on other parts of the body.
  • Plantar - painful dense formations in the form of a flat plate, their size can reach up to 4 cm. The color is yellow or dark gray.
  • Flat (juvenile) - usually formed in adolescence, they are flat irregular plates, slightly protruding above the surface of the skin. They appear on the hands, face, knees and back of the wrist, in places of scratches and injuries, their surface quickly becomes rough. If this happens under the nails, they cause noticeable discomfort.
  • Filiforms (acrohords) are elongated cylindrical formations, initially similar to cones. They gradually increase and take on a thread-like shape. Flexible and soft to the touch, the color varies from flesh to yellow. They appear more often in the elderly.
  • Butcher's warts are typical of people who are constantly in contact with raw meat. Elbows and hands are usually affected, and the virus penetrates the skin through minor lesions. They are painlessly curved formations, color from white to light brown.
  • Genital warts (anogenital warts) are benign growths similar to cauliflower. Soft to the touch, pink. Forms on the mucous membranes of the genitals, sometimes on the inside of the tongue and cheeks. They grow very quickly in groups.
  • Senile (seborrheic keratosis) - growth of the corneal layer, the only type that does not result from the papilloma virus. Formations are formed in several stages. Yellowish-brown spots appear flush with the surface of the skin. Nodes are then formed, which turn into brown hemispheres with an uneven surface and covered with scales. Gradually the warts overlap with the cornea and become coarse.

Causes of papillomas

papilloma on the finger

The appearance of warts is associated with the uptake of the papillomavirus. You can become infected in the following cases:

  • direct contact with an infected person - kissing, shaking hands or touching;
  • use of ordinary household items - towels, combs, handrails, exercise machines, etc. ;
  • wearing someone else's shoes and walking barefoot in the pool gives the appearance of plantar formations;
  • during sexual intercourse;
  • epilating or shaving;
  • children during childbirth can get airway mass from the mother.

The source of infection is both the sick person and the carrier without obvious manifestations of the disease. Minor damage to human skin - cracks, cuts or abrasions - is enough for the virus to enter the body. Warts grow in people with weakened immunity, in healthy people the virus is neutralized and completely eliminated from the body within six months or a year.

Human papillomavirus and warts

wart removal

The human body is prone to papillomas, while the latent period of infection can range from two weeks to six months. During this period, you can become infected with several types of viruses at the same time. Environmental exposure, interference from external factors and reduced immunity activate the papillomavirus. It intensely increases and manifests itself on the surface of the skin. Factors that cause its appearance include:

  • use of hormonal drugs;
  • frequent stress and excessive work;
  • physical exhaustion;
  • avitaminosis;
  • pregnancy period;
  • the presence of serious genetic diseases;
  • menopause.

When the virus is activated, the warts appear immediately and grow rapidly due to the accelerated growth of the upper layers. The appearance of new warts will not let you wait, so they should be treated immediately. Delays in treatment cause complications. Active influence on education in the form of friction, pressure can lead to the acquisition of malignant tumors - malignant tumors of education.

Disappearance of warts does not mean complete recovery, they may reappear after a certain time. Along with the treatment of warts, it is necessary to increase immunity and take measures to get rid of virus particles. Inflammation or injury to a wart is an indicator of its removal. And any change in the condition of the formations (too dark color, appearance of inclusions and increase in size) is a serious reason to visit a doctor.

How to get rid of papillomas?

ways to remove neoplasms

Wart treatment and removal is performed by a dermatologist and an oncologist (in the case of malignancies), a urologist or a venereologist (with the appearance of genital lesions in the intimate area of the wart). The therapy used only provides an integrated approach with the appointment of vitamin minerals, sedatives and immunomodulators. One removal does not serve as a recovery indicator; after some time the formations may reappear.

The following factors may become a mandatory reason for a doctor's visit:

  • neoplasms are localized in an intimate area;
  • uneven color, constant itching and bleeding in the warts;
  • soreness or presence of injuries on the formations;
  • rapid increase in the number;
  • blurred boundaries in the new formation.

Keep in mind that wart treatment at home can be bad. Folk remedies not only do not contribute to recovery, but also lead to a deterioration of the overall situation. For example, an inflammation of the skin or a malignancy. All home procedures should be performed only according to the doctor's instructions, using the drug from the pharmacy.

Papilloma removal methods

laser papilloma removal

Several wart removal methods are actively practiced in clinics. Your doctor will help you choose the right number of techniques and procedures. With a large number of large growths, one visit is not enough, individual small warts are removed in one visit.

Laser procedure

Laser wart removal is one of the fastest and most painless methods. The laser beam acts on the affected area in the direction of heating the wart cells and evaporating their fluid. Accumulation drying takes a few seconds, capillaries are clogged, no bleeding occurs. The treatments use a soft abrasive laser on the face, which prevents the appearance of scars.

This method is suitable for all areas of the body where the cosmetic problem is in the first place. In one procedure, growths smaller than 1 mm and an area of up to 1 cm are removed; large formations require several procedures. One procedure lasts 3-5 minutes and the recovery period is less than a week.

The following points may be contraindicated for this method:

  • purulent inflammation of the neoplasm;
  • weak immunity;
  • malignant changes in the wart.

After a laser procedure to remove the papillomas, redness, swelling and pain appear around the wart after a few hours. This is due to the body's response to cell death, all symptoms will disappear on their own after 1-3 days. A dry, crust-free crust remains on the treated area. After 5-7 days it will remove itself.

Surgical removal

The operation is performed by a dermatologist-surgeon, the papilloma is cut out with a scalpel together with the root and a cosmetic suture is applied. The whole procedure is performed under local anesthesia. After the operation, careful suture care is required, and its healing time reaches two weeks.

This removes warts of any size. It is also used when there is a suspicion of malignancy, permanent injury or wart inflammation.

Contraindications:

  • the presence of infectious diseases;
  • severe heart, kidney, liver pathologies;
  • bad blood clotting.

For proper care, the joint should be treated with hydrogen peroxide. The remaining liquid is removed with a sterile tissue, then treated with brilliant green or fucorcine. If necessary, cover the joint with a sterile gauze cloth and secure with plaster.

Cryodestruction

This means destroying the papilloma with liquid nitrogen. It is applied to the wart with an applicator and the formations are frozen at minus 196 degrees. Under the influence of nitrogen, the water in the formations turns into ice, its crystals grow and destroy the cell walls. The time of the procedure depends on the size of the papilloma: for small ones 5 seconds is enough, for large ones it can take up to 30 seconds.

The method is suitable for filiforms and plantar warts, with frequent trauma trauma, the appearance of children. Do not use on severely immunocompromised and facial area.

After 15-20 minutes, a bubble with a clear or reddish liquid forms on the treated area. The appearance of swelling, pain and redness is considered a normal reaction, it disappears after 2-3 days. The bubble does not get dirty and does not open, it will burst itself in 3-5 days. During this time, new, new skin forms under it.

Electrocoagulation

Electric removal. The wart area is cut out with an electric knife or a loop of healthy tissue. The heated instrument seals the blood vessels, which completely prevents bleeding. The duration of the procedure is 5-10 minutes, the method is suitable for removing formations up to 1 cm. Because the depth of tissue destruction is equal to the diameter of the formation, and after removing large elements, a notch will remain on it. skin.

Contraindications:

  • During pregnancy and lactation;
  • poor blood clotting;
  • the presence of inflammation in the wart area;
  • individual intolerance to anesthetics and electrical procedures;
  • tendency to form keloid scars.

A crust forms at the point of removal and cannot be moistened or removed. Treatment is twice daily with 5% potassium permanganate or powder solution. After 7-9 days, the crust will disappear on its own.