Papillomas are benign tumors localized to the skin and mucous membranes that are viral in nature. From a clinical point of view, they are represented by small papillary growths on a thin stalk, the color of which varies from light to dark brown. In addition to being a cosmetic defect, such elements can also cause ulcers and bleeding. In this article, we will talk about why papillomas can appear on the neck, what to do if they occur?
Why do papillomas appear on the neck?
Papillomas are a common problem in the population. In 2016, scientists from the State Academy of Medicine published a study that found that papillomas are one of the leading nosological pathologies of skin and subcutaneous fat, which is detected in 34% of patients who visit the Nizhny Novgorod Cosmetic Clinic. Novgorod.
As we have said, the onset of papillomas is based on an infectious, viral flora.
The causative agent is the human papillomavirus, which is transmitted through direct contact. In most cases, contact-domestic infection is realized, less often - sexual. An important condition for the pathogen to enter the body is the presence of various microbial lesions, abrasions, cracks on the skin and mucous membranes.
It should be noted that the virus may persist for a long time without clinical manifestation.
Antivirals for the treatment of papillomas
Antiviral drugs are often used when papillomas appear on the skin. However, it is worth noting that antiviral drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor if there is an indication for their use.
Individual papillomas on the neck can be removed using special local remedies.
An example is a solution containing phenol and metacresol. It has a cauterizing effect, effectively fights not only with papillomas, but also with warts, dry corns, etc.
This medicine is applied directly to the affected area using a special applicator, avoiding contact with adjacent areas. With small papillomas, as a rule, one application is enough. Larger papillomas are treated three or four times. Allow the solution to dry between applications.
Other methods of removing papillomas in a hospital are:
- Removal by laser or radio waves.
The choice of any particular method is made individually, depending on the number and size of the neoplasms, the age of the patient, and so on.