In recent years, malignancies from papillomas, warts and birthmarks have become more common. Such tumors have always been considered safe. Environmental conditions have become aggressive, contributing to the malignancy of benign tumors. You should see a doctor to treat papillomas. The specialist will select the necessary techniques and address the causes of papillomatous growths.
Papillomavirus infection has a long incubation period. It can be from several months to several years. If a person has strong immunity, papillomas on the skin and mucous membranes may not appear at all. With a decrease in the activity of the immune system, favorable conditions are created for the growth of HPV.
The absence of symptoms of papillomavirus infection is a hallmark of the disease. Neoplasms on the skin are more common in groups. Papillomas can be of different types: flat, filiform, warty. The tactics of treatment depend to a large extent on the type of neoplasm. Particular attention is paid to genital warts, which can cause malignancies in men and women.
It is recommended to consult a specialist if neoplasms appear in any part of the body, even if the tumor is small and does not cause severe discomfort. Warts accompanied by itching in the genital area can lead to the addition of a secondary infection, developing an inflammatory process in the urinary tract. Externally, anogenital warts resemble cabbage inflorescences, they can bleed and hurt.
Papillomas on the skin occur without symptoms. But that doesn't mean they shouldn't be treated. Papillomatous growths are most often removed using a laser, liquid nitrogen, or other minimally invasive techniques. Surgical excision is used less frequently, mainly due to the large size of the tumor and the risk of tissue malignancies.
Risk factors for human papillomavirus infection
Papillomavirus infects the epithelium of the basal layer. The infection is caused by mechanical injuries that most people do not notice on the skin and mucous membranes. Only a few particles of the virus are enough to develop the disease. It replicates only in the basal layer of the epithelium, which is a constant source of infection of new tissues after infection. After HPV enters, the process of cell differentiation is disrupted. The most pronounced pathological changes occur in the spinal layer.
Key risk factors:
- early onset of sexual activity, frequent change of partners;
- intimate contact with women with genital warts or cervical cancer;
- hormonal disorders;
- presence of concomitant urogenital infections, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis;
- mechanical irritation of the genital mucosa due to abnormal secretion, poor hygiene and tissue damage with coarse underwear;
- violation of the intestinal and vaginal microflora;
- bad habits;
- severe weakening of the immune system, development of immunodeficiency conditions.
The main predisposing factor for the activation of papillomavirus and the appearance of papillomas, warts, is the weakening of natural protective factors. HPV in its active form is most commonly found in people with weak immunity, who have suffered from severe infectious diseases, surgery, radiation, aggressive hormonal drugs.
Examination of papillomas
The diagnosis is made by a dermatologist or venereologist. A single visual examination is not enough to choose treatment methods for papillomas. The main purpose of the test is to determine the risk of tissue malignancies by identifying HPV strains. PCR diagnostics are used for this purpose. The method is the main case of papillomavirus infection. Allows you to determine a specific amount of HPV, determine the approximate time of infection to identify contacts, and provide effective treatment.
If the specialist suspects the presence of papillomavirus at high risk of oncogene, tissue biopsy with further histological examination is mandatory. In this case, the neoplasm is removed surgically. In addition, other diagnostic methods may be required, including ultrasound, MRI, colonoscopy, gynecological examinations in women with genital warts.
Urethroscopy and anoscopy are also used to diagnose anogenital warts. In addition, the blood is checked for infections transmitted through unprotected intimate contact. Timely examination provides the most reliable information on the nature of papillomatous neoplasms and prevents adverse health effects. Even after the skin has been removed, it is recommended that you see your doctor regularly for the necessary laboratory diagnosis and to control the amount of papillomavirus in your blood.
Principles of papilloma treatment
Papillomas are treated by a dermatologist or venereologist (if the tumors are in the genital area). It is important to follow the advice of a specialist. Only in this case will the treatment of papillomas at home be successful. If your doctor recommends removing the neoplasm, do not give it up.
If the growths are small, warts and papillomas can be treated with medication. But with frequent relapses, experts recommend minimally invasive removal of the neoplasm. Surgical methods are used for large tumors - excision of the tumor with a scalpel. Because papillomas are completely untreatable, only an integrated approach, including the use of antivirals and immunostimulants, can stop the virus from multiplying further. But first, specialists have to deal with the causes of papillomas under the armpits, on the face and body, and only then choose the appropriate treatment.
Papillomavirus infection itself weakens the immune system, promoting further activation of the virus. The disease lasts a long time. It is not considered possible to get rid of HPV completely. The virus enters the body through microbial damage to the skin and mucous membranes, mainly at the beginning of puberty and active intimate life. There is a need to combat papillomavirus infection with sophisticated methods, which necessarily include the appointment of antiviral drugs and immunostimulants.
Surgical methods of papilloma treatment
Surgical methods provide the highest possible results in the treatment of papillomavirus infection. Due to the increasing number of HPV strains with a high and moderate risk of oncogenesis, experts recommend that tumors be left on the body and mucous membranes and that surgical treatment be performed immediately if growths are detected.
Methods of combating destructive papillomas:
- neoplasmic surgical excision;
- laser coagulation;
- use of acids and alkalis.
Minimally invasive surgery and the use of destructive chemical compounds are the most common ways to remove papillomas from the face, body and mucous membranes. The distinguishing feature of these methods is the rapid destruction of the neoplasms.
Despite the high prevalence of HPV, many do not know how to treat papillomas at home and when to see a doctor. Even a small neoplasm is a reference to a dermatologist. Only a doctor can decide how dangerous a particular tumor is and whether it should be removed.
Cryodestruction is chosen by patients with small papillomas that are frozen in liquid nitrogen. It is applied to the tumor tissue with a cotton swab. This causes immediate freezing of the neoplasm and subsequent cell death. First, the area of skin treated with liquid nitrogen begins to ache and swell, then a scab forms, under which healthy skin is actively formed. The crust falls off within a few weeks. If the patient does not remove it by force, no traces will remain on the skin. At first, a small white spot may appear, which will eventually become the same as the adjacent skin and will not be noticeable at all.
Cryodestruction not only removes papillomas, but also stops the spread of viral particles through the bloodstream to healthy tissues. The method does not require the use of anesthesia and suturing. It is extremely important to contact an experienced professional who has repeatedly frozen neoplasms with liquid nitrogen. The depth of penetration of the drug should be chosen correctly by the specialist in order to completely destroy the papillomas, but at the same time not to damage healthy tissues or cause the formation of a rough scar.
In modern dermatology, electrosurgical methods are widely used to remove viral skin papillary growths using an electric current. First, the specialist uses an electrocoagulant loop to cut out the tumor stem and then carefully burn the remaining parts of the neoplasm to reduce the risk of future recurrence.
This method is suitable for getting rid of small tumors. The electrocoagulator loop prevents volume burns on the skin and mucous membranes. During the procedure, the device coagulates the small dishes, stopping the bleeding. This reduces the risk of possible complications. The combination of electrocoagulation with immunosuppressive therapy is essential to prevent future recurrence.
Modern lasers allow you to fully control the depth of beam penetration into the skin and prevent the risk of developing complications of infection. The laser equipment is thoroughly inspected before use. The high quality of the technique, combined with the surgeon's professionalism, allows the removal of individual or confluent papillomas as painlessly and as productively as possible. During minimally invasive surgery, the blood vessels coagulate naturally, and the laser disinfects the tissues, while providing anti-inflammatory effects.
The operation is bloodless. Provides high aesthetic results. No traces are left on the skin and body. The laser stimulates internal protective resources, accelerates healing and tissue regeneration. But it is important to understand that the surgeon only removes the appearance of the disease. Other treatments, including the use of antiviral drugs and immunoreactive therapy, should be used to stop the growth of papillomavirus.
Chemical methods for removing papillomas
Concentrated acids and alkalis are often used to get rid of papilloma. Such remedies should only be used after consultation with the treating physician. Pharmaceuticals are quite safe when used as directed.
A common method of chemically removing papillomas is to use a solution that contains phenol. Neoplasms are treated with this tool several times a day, but not more than once a week.
The combined preparation is an aqueous solution containing several organic acids. The agent causes mummification of papilloma tissue. Further healing takes place under the formed crust - scabs. Tissue epithelialization takes place beneath it. When the scab falls, the skin retains its high sensitivity and light tone for some time. In just a few weeks, new fabrics become the same shade with different skin.
Medication for papillomas
In most cases, human papillomavirus infection is treated with drugs. It is not enough to simply get rid of the tumor by surgical methods - in which case the pathogen will continue to grow actively, the tumor is likely to reappear, but in other parts of the body or mucous membranes.
Important! Therapeutic treatment of papillomas is mainly aimed at activating the body's protective functions, which will prevent the formation of new growths.
Prior to drug selection, it is necessary to diagnose, identify the HPV strain and determine the oncogenic risk. Virus warts are especially dangerous. They can provoke cervical cancer and other malignancies in the genitourinary organs and intestines.
Medicines containing human interferon are being prescribed to strengthen immunity in the event of papillomavirus infection. This reduces the risk of recurrence in the future and significantly increases the effectiveness of the treatments used. Many studies have confirmed that a course of interferon reduces the number of viral particles in neoplastic tissues.
Interferon agents can be used internally and externally. Systemic use is best because it allows you to stop the growth of the papillomavirus quickly. According to the indications, specialists prescribe subcutaneous and intramuscular administration of interferon for one month.
The choice of interferon preparations is wide. Immunocorrection should be performed for courses of 1 to 3 months or longer. In addition, the quality of nutrition must be monitored: poor nutrition significantly weakens the body, increases susceptibility to infections.
Modern antiviral drugs designed to combat human papillomavirus infection have a complex effect: they reduce the number of HPVs and at the same time significantly increase the activity of the immune system. An example of such an agent is inosine acedoben dimepranol. It has a strong immunostimulatory effect, prevents cell dysfunction by stimulating the formation of its own protective cells, which destroy pathogenic pathogens.
In papillomas, inosine acedoben dimepranol is prescribed 2 tablets daily in the context of complex therapy and in combination with surgical treatments. The duration of use of the drug is 14-28 days. But there are other treatment regimens with similar drugs. The duration and dose of inosine adobendimepranol should be individualized by the physician.
Prevention of papillomas
Prevention is a continuation of papilloma treatment. With a sensible approach and complex measures, it is possible to prevent the formation of new skin growths. Primary infection is usually unavoidable. Even if a person does not have papillomas on the body and mucous membranes, the virus is still latent in the body. Due to unfavorable factors, HPV is activated and neoplasms begin to form: papillomas, warts, warts.
The main way to prevent human papillomavirus infection is to avoid accidental contact. Experts believe that HPV is spread primarily through sexual contact. Informative support is needed for adolescents and young people, who often do not know what papillomas are and how dangerous they can be.
Additional methods to prevent papillomas:
- prevention of skin and mucous membrane injuries, development of sexually transmitted diseases, which are favorable factors for increasing the number of viral particles;
- maintain high immune activity by any available means, including hardening with water procedures, use of immune-boosting agents and vitamin preparations;
- use of barrier contraceptives.
Papillomavirus infection is passed from mother to baby during childbirth. Therefore, gynecologists recommend that the necessary tests be performed and all warts removed before ingestion. Hormonal changes in the body are a predisposing factor and can lead to the active growth of benign tumors. If a woman suffers from a wart, the likelihood of their malignancy during pregnancy increases rapidly against the background of placenta formation. It is characterized by high hormonal activity and often provokes the growth of existing tumors, including those that may be malignant.
When papillomas appear, consult a doctor as soon as possible and remove the neoplasms. Don't be fascinated by home methods, which in most cases can be aggressive to healthy skin and can cause chemical or thermal burns. Modern surgery has a wide range of options for benign tumors. Your doctor will choose the treatment you need to help you get rid of the skin growths and stop the papilloma virus from growing.