Papillomameans a bump on the skin or mucous membranes caused by HPV. It should be noted that such formations are not malignant. However, they pose some threat as they can turn malignant in some cases. This pathology is characterized by rapid spread and transition to a chronic form.
human papilloma virusthere are many types of strains. Different types can be the result of many formations. Let's take a closer look at the types of ridges:
- warts classic, plantar, flat,
- choroid papilloma,
- basal cells.
Papillomas are formed in any part of the body.
The threat of infection with this pathology exists for women and men. However, it ispapillomas in womenposes a huge health risk. Usually, men do not contract the virus in question, but they can transmit the virus in different ways, which have certain negative consequences.
Such a pathology does not have a clear manifestation until the growths themselves appear. Until then, the patient may not even realize that he is infected. According to statistics, today 9/10 people are infected with HPV, so many wonder whetherhow to get rid of papilloma.
Papillomas are shaped like thin nipples. The neoplasm can be silky or denser, and the shade can be light to black.
Symptomspapilloma viruscan vary greatly and is closely related to the type and location of the virus.
The development of vulgar papillomas in the form of cones with a hardened crust. Their diameter is greater than one mm, they can connect with each other, forming a wide area of infection. They usually appear in the area of the knees and hands.
The formation of flat papillomas and warts with a soft crust. They have a similar tone to healthy skin, but cause itching and pain.
The formation of small ridges with a shiny coating on the feet - plantar papillomas. In the process of walking, such papillomas cause pain.
Filiform papillomas in the eye area, papillomas on the neck and under the armpits in the form of small yellow bumps. Over time, they are transformed from small cones into long formations.
Formation of papillomas on the mucous membranes in the oral cavity and on the lips.
The formation of various red-brown growths on the hands and feet is called Lewandowski-Lutz papillomas.
Tubercles of this type are formed on the vocal cords, and their development is very dangerous, as they can cause speech defects. As they increase in size and quantity, they impede the free circulation of the air mass, so in this case the question arises,how to remove papilloma.
Papillomas in the vagina and cervix in the fairer sex and in the urinary tract in the stronger sex.
Reasons for formation
As mentioned above, the reasons for the formation of such growths are HPV. A huge number of people are carriers of this virus. After entering the body, the virus begins to spread, but they may not be reflected for a long time. Under the influence of many factors, the virus can form on the skin in the form of papillomas. Such factors include internal infections, consumption of unhealthy food, systematic stressful situations - in general, those factors that cause the immune system to weaken.
The main criteria that cause the development of the virus and the severity of its symptoms are:
- sexual relations without contraceptives with different partners,
- bad habits
- weakened immune system
- metabolic disorders,
- gastrointestinal disorders,
- non-compliance with basic hygiene rules,
- heredity - the virus can be transmitted during childbirth.
Depending on the location, the patient may need the help of a specialist who can prescribe an effectiveointment for papillomas. In a situation where pronounced symptoms are not observed, but a person wants to know for sure whether he can transmit the mentioned virus, then he should turn to specialist doctors: immunologists, dermatovenerologists.
How does HPV infection occur?
Types of infection include:
- sex acts,
- life by touching the skin or mucous membranes of an infected person,
- the presence of wounds and severe injuries only increases the risk of infection,
- self-infection - this is possible in the case of skin lesions,
- during childbirth - hereditary factor.
Although papillomas mostly mean benign formations, one cannot but attach importance to their formation. Many types of viruses can cause oncology, so many people wonder how to prevent the spread of papilloma after infection. Depending on the degree of oncology threat, the following types of HPV are distinguished:
- this does not mean the appearance of oncology,
- which has a low and high degree of occurrence of oncology.
When is it recommended to contact a specialist? If there are formations, you should immediately contact a doctor specializing in the relevant profile.
Diagnosis of papillomas
HPV tests are performed in a clinic. Regarding indicators in the form of the standard indicatedpapillomas on the body, then the final and correct diagnosis can only be determined after a professional examination by a doctor. But taking into account the fact that today there are a large number of types of the virus, a specialist can prescribe secondary examinations to confirm the diagnosis, which include:
- general and biochemical blood analysis,
- sampling for biopsy,
- polymerase chain reaction method.
- detect the presence of HPV,
- set virus type,
- correctly determine the number of viruses,
- understand whether the pathology develops in an acute or chronic form.
The treatment plan is drawn up individually, focusing on the type of human papillomavirus, the degree of development of the pathology and the patient's characteristics.
If during the examination, a virus was detected in a person without symptoms, then the doctor can prescribe prophylactic treatment using cytostatic agents. Such treatment helps stop the virus for a certain period of time.
If the patient has papillomas, they can be removed.Distant papillomarelieves unnecessary discomfort and helps a person live a fulfilling life. The choice of discharge method is interrelated with the location. The final cost will depend on the method.
Available ways to remove papillomas - skin growths:
- cryodestruction - exposure to low temperature and liquid nitrogen,
- electrocoagulation - use of electric current of different frequencies,
- get rid of papilloma with a laser,
- radio knife - the use of high-frequency radioactive waves,
- surgical intervention.
Let's take a closer look at the typestreatment of papillomasin a cozy home environment.
- removal with pus,
- regular use of tea tree oil,
- aloe application,
- systematic rubbing of formations with banana peel.
Use of the abovedrugs for the treatment of papillomaswill be effective only for standard papilloma types. If blood is released from the formation, there are feelings of pain, etc. , then you should urgently consult a doctor.
Prevention of the development of papillomas
To reduce the threat of infection with the virus and reduce the rate of development of the pathology, you should:
- get rid of bad habits,
- stick to good habits
- follow the basic rules of hygiene,
- have sex with one partner using contraceptives.
Special vaccines are used to prevent the development of certain types of viruses, which are excellentremedy for papillomas.