Papillomas are called benign skin and mucous membranes. But some strains can cause tissue degeneration. Therefore, experts recommend timely removal of papillomas. This will prevent the development of malignancies, including the development of cervical cancer in women.
Due to the uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV), papillomatous growths appear on the skin and mucous membranes, which may not be prolonged. With weakened immunity, tissue damage, chronic transport leads to cell hyperplasia. HPV begins to multiply actively, causing papillomas or warts to form on the skin or genital warts (on the lining of the genitals).
These factors contribute to the active growth of papillomas:
- frequent change of sexual partners, infection with sexually transmitted diseases;
- household contact with people who have warts, warts or papillomas;
- skin and mucous membrane damage;
- impairment of immunity.
80% of people who reach puberty have an inactive form of HPV. The virus does not cause neoplasms only 6-8 months after exposure to the virus carrier. The exceptions are genital warts and papillomas - they appear in the first weeks after close contact with an infected person.
Why remove papillomas
The papilloma virus is a serious threat to health. Strains with a high risk of oncogenic risk are especially dangerous: 16, 18, 30, 31-35, 56-59, 67-68. When papillomatous growths appear, a dermatologist or venereologist should be consulted. The doctor will perform an external test and make a PCR diagnosis, which will identify the viral DNA and determine the degree of oncogenicity of the particular strain.
The specialist will also choose the most effective surgical methods. Only a doctor who has test results can tell you exactly how to remove papillomas with minimal health risk. It is not recommended to leave such neoplasms. Under the influence of adverse factors, they can become inflamed, bleed, cause benign or malignant tissue hyperplasia.
Important!It is imperative to remove papillomas in intimate areas - this is where neoplasms with a high risk of oncogene most often appear.
If papillomatous growths are found on the external genitalia (vulva, septum, foreskin), a venereologist should be consulted. In addition, it is worth passing tests prescribed by a doctor, the purpose of which is not only to determine the type of HPV, but also to detect concomitant urogenital infections.
Surgical treatment of papillomas
The main methods of surgical treatment of papillomas:
- use of special local means to remove papillomas at home;
- cryodestruction (removal of papillomas with liquid nitrogen);
- laser coagulation (laser papilloma removal);
- removal of radio wave papillomas;
Any of these methods can remove papillomas. A specialist will help you choose the right option, taking into account the location of the neoplasm, the number of papillomatous growths and diagnostic data. Before removing the papillomas, your doctor should make sure that there is no malignancy. Experts with a high oncogenic risk prefer the classic method of papilloma removal - excision of neoplasms with a scalpel.
Key instructions for removing papillomas:
- desire to get rid of a cosmetic defect in the form of individual or more papillomatous growths on the skin and mucous membranes;
- frequent lesions of the neoplasms below the armpits, neck, groin folds, bleeding and inflammation, leading to an increased risk of tissue malignancies;
- detection of moderate and high oncogenic risk papillomas;
- the presence of people with malignant neoplasms among relatives;
- the location of the papillomas is the genitals and internal genitals.
The perfect time to remove papillomas
Before removing papillomas from the body and face, the doctor warns the patient of possible complications, including the formation of age spots. The risk of pigmentation is higher in spring and summer. Many people are interested in whether it is possible to remove papillomas in the summer. If the formations are in open areas of the body or on the face, it is better to postpone the operation to the cool season, when the possibility of secondary infection and pigmentation is less (UV activity in the autumn-winter period is reduced).
Important! It is not enough to remove the neoplasm - it will not be possible to stop the growth of the papillomavirus. Surgical methods must be combined with therapeutic ones.
It is not possible to get rid of HPV completely - a small amount of the virus will still remain in the body. But in combination with antiviral drugs, surgical methods give the highest treatment results.
Laser papilloma removal
Laser papilloma removal is a modern method of surgical treatment of HPV. Most professionals use carbon dioxide laser systems. No scars or defects remain on the skin after the procedure. The high cost of papilloma laser removal is consistent with the efficiency of the method. The final cost depends on the size and number of damages. At the same time, the doctor can destroy the laser up to 5-20 medium-sized formations. After the examination and consultation, the specialist will tell you exactly how much it costs to remove the papillomas and give detailed recommendations. In addition, antiviral treatment is mandatory. The treating doctor also chooses the medicine.
With the help of a laser, papillomas can be removed from any part of the body, including the genitals. This method is bloodless and non-contact. The laser has an anti-inflammatory effect on the tissues, sealing the blood vessels, preventing bleeding. Papillomas most often appear on the hands (warts) and on the neck - in the form of filamentous growths, which are easily damaged during hygiene procedures. Such neoplasms do not have a high oncogenic risk, but it is still better to get rid of them.
Peculiarities of laser papilloma removal
A dermatologist is consulted before the procedure. The doctor examines the skin, identifies possible contraindications:
- tissue damage;
- local inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes;
- exacerbation of any infectious processes;
During papilloma laser removal, semiconductor lasers are used, which evaporate viral formations and at the same time clot blood vessels. After the destruction of the papillomatous growth, a protective crust (scab) forms on the skin. One week after removal, the same is rejected. 2 months after the procedure, the skin tone is completely leveled. The location of the papillomas will not be different from the adjacent tissues.
The scab formed after laser papilloma removal must be protected from sunlight, water and cosmetics. It is forbidden to try to force the crust to be dismantled - this can lead to wound infections, rough scarring and an increase in tissue healing time.
After the scab is gone, it is recommended to lubricate the skin with sunscreen before going outside. This will prevent the formation of age spots. It is not necessary to use sunscreen during the winter months.
Removal of papillomas with nitrogen
Nitrogen removal of papillomas involves the freezing of neoplasms (cryodestruction). The method is effective for certain papillomatous growths on the skin. A significant disadvantage of cryodestruction is the inability to control the depth of tissue freezing. That is why it is so important to be responsible in choosing the clinic where the papillomas will be removed. The doctor must be licensed to perform surgery.
Extremely low temperatures disrupt the metabolic processes in neoplasm cells, causing their death. The removed papilloma is replaced by a necrotic zone, which is gradually replaced by healthy tissue. Cryodestruction is available to most patients. The procedure is much cheaper than other methods (laser coagulation, removal of neoplasms by radio waves).
Papillomas can be removed both for aesthetic reasons and in the presence of specific indications. Of particular concern are neoplasms whose hygienic procedures increase in size, change color and shape, become inflamed and injured.
Peculiarities of cryodestruction
Before removing papillomas with liquid nitrogen, your doctor will carefully examine your skin, assess your general health and identify possible contraindications:
- acute infectious processes;
- decompensated stage of somatic diseases;
- exacerbation of skin diseases;
- tissue damage in the area of the neoplasm location;
- pregnancy period.
Removal of papillomas with nitrogen is performed without anesthesia. The cryodestructor applicator is held over the neoplasm for 1-2 minutes. The skin becomes white and cold and temporarily loses sensitivity. There is a slight tingling sensation during the procedure, a burning sensation may occur. Within a few hours after the procedure, the skin swells and turns red, and within 24 hours after cryodestruction, vesicular elements with serous fluid appear on the treated area.
Tissue cryonecrosis lasts for up to a month, after which the neoplasmic dead spots are rejected and replaced by invisible spots that will completely disappear 3-5 months after liquid nitrogen application.
In the first weeks after removal of papillomas by cryodestruction, it is recommended to protect the skin from moisture, sunlight and other adverse factors. If severe inflammation occurs, you should consult a doctor. Tissues usually heal on their own, but with a low rate of epithelialization, your doctor may recommend cosmetics that speed up the regeneration of damaged skin.
Removal of papillomas by electrocoagulation
Electrocoagulation of papillomas involves the removal of growths on the skin with an electric current. The method is quite traumatic, but it comes at a cost. High-frequency current coagulates neoplasmic proteins, causing tissue rejection.
Features of the procedure
Prior to electrocoagulation, the specialist may prescribe dermatoscopy, PCR and other laboratory diagnostic methods. The doctor examines and identifies possible contraindications:
- exacerbation of herpes infection and any inflammatory processes;
- suspected malignancy of papillomas;
- hypersensitivity of the skin, allergic reaction to electric current;
- exacerbation of severe somatic diseases, especially in the decompensation stage.
Electrocoagulation of papillomas does not require complicated skin care. Predisposing factors that may cause inflammation and the addition of a secondary infection should be avoided. The scab formed in the first weeks is rejected, after which the skin is completely cleansed and replaced with new cells. Exposure to direct sunlight should be avoided during this period. Your doctor may advise you to treat the wound with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Removal of radio papillomas
Removal of papillomas by radio wave is complemented by atraumatic incision and coagulation of neoplasmic tissue. Radio waves provide a very precise effect as long as they do not injure healthy tissues and prevent the spread of HPV through the bloodstream. Radiosurgical devices used in modern clinics differ in their safety and allow to minimize the risk of any complications.
Features of the procedure
Pre-diagnosis makes it possible to determine the amount of virus in the body, the type of HPV and the degree of oncogenic risk. When choosing a method of treatment, the doctor takes into account the general state of health and identifies possible contraindications:
- pregnancy, menstruation;
- exacerbation of any infectious and inflammatory processes and somatic diseases;
- presence of malignancies;
- exacerbation of herpes infection;
- skin damage at the site of exposure to radio waves.
High frequency energy cuts the skin, clots blood vessels and papilloma tissue. In this case, the electrode does not have direct contact with the tissues, which avoids painful sensations and muscle spasms. Unlike the electrocoagulation method, it is possible to reduce the thermal exposure time and reduce the necrosis of the treated areas by using radio waves.
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Removal of papillomas takes only 15-30 minutes. Point scabs remain in place of treated tissue sites and are discarded separately within a week without leaving any rough scars or other defects. During the recovery period, it is recommended to limit contact with water and ultraviolet rays, cosmetics and household chemicals should not be used.
Surgical excision with a scalpel
Removal of papillomas with a scalpel during classical surgery is used quite rarely, mainly when signs of neoplasmic malignancies are detected. In this case, the surgeon excises the papillomatous growths, capturing healthy skin.
The method is traumatic, leaving scars and stains. If desired, they can be removed using laser and other cosmetic procedures, including acid peels. Specialists try not to use surgical removal of papillomas in open areas of the body and on the face.
Medicines to remove papillomas and warts work in the same way: they contain substances that cause the destruction of neoplastic cells in the future to form a small scab. It is recommended to use a modern type of medicine with a lower risk of complications in the form of secondary infections, acute inflammatory reactions, spots and scars. It is also possible to use cryoprotectants which can replace standard cryodestruction.
Removing papillomas at home is quite dangerous, especially with large neoplasms. It is better to consult a specialist who will choose the best treatment options, including antiviral therapy, to prevent a recurrence of human papillomavirus infection in the future. A professional will tell you exactly how to remove papillomas at home and whether it is worth doing. Topical preparations for skin growths are used for some small neoplasms.
As papillomas cannot always be removed with pharmacy products alone, it is still advisable to consult a dermatologist. For minor neoplasms, your doctor may prescribe tested medicines that will kill the papillomatous growths. In addition, the use of antiviral agents is recommended. An integrated approach increases the efficiency of the whole treatment process. Antivirals can only be discontinued if the papillomas are solitary and do not have a tendency to grow and develop malignancies.
Removal of papillomas by folk methods
Papilloma removal is popular with folk remedies at home. The public does not take the papilloma virus seriously enough. Many are not even aware that papillomas can become malignant. As it is almost impossible to remove papillomas at home without risking your health, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist first. Using modern diagnostic methods, the doctor will be able to assess the nature of the neoplasm and choose an effective treatment regimen.
The usual methods of removing papillomas at home
You can remove papillomas at home using the following tools:
- celandine juice;
- green walnut juice;
- salicylic acid.
Important!These methods destroy the growths on the skin. The use of such products on the mucous membranes is strictly prohibited due to the high risk of acute inflammatory reactions and chemical burns.
Celandine is most commonly used to remove papillomas. Affected skin areas are treated with this product several times a day. In this case, celandine should not be used on healthy tissues. To prevent burns, it is recommended to treat intact skin with vegetable oil or zinc ointment before using the juice.
Garlic has a disinfectant effect, when used for a long time, it helps to remove warts and papillomas. But this method is not suitable for people with sensitive skin. Garlic often causes inflammatory reactions, burning sensations and flushing.
Salicylic acid promotes the destruction of skin growths caused by the active reproduction of the papillomavirus. This product is often included in finished products to get rid of papillomas and warts. Salicylic acid is used several times a day until the neoplasm is completely gone.
Green walnut juice strongly stains the skin. The instrument should be used for a long time to achieve papilloma drying. The treated fabrics acquire a dark brown color, the appearance of peeling and dryness of the skin is possible.