Sole warts: causes, diagnosis and treatment

plantar warts in a child

The sole wart is a rather unpleasant growth on the skin that causes some discomfort, causing pain when walking. The pathology is contagious and affects all age groups. Otherwise, they are called spines or benign dermal formations. They are provoked by the human papillomavirus, or HPV for short. In some cases, these seemingly harmless formations can cause disability and cause contact with a doctor for surgical treatment.

What do warts look like on the feet?

Plantar warts form on the sole, heel or along the line of metatarsophalangeal joints. They range in size from 2 to 20 millimeters, protrude slightly above the dermis and are oval or round in shape and practically indistinguishable from other growths. Placed in groups or individually. The yellowish tinge of the growth can also be deeply printed on the skin. For this reason, they are covered with a stratum corneum, and the patterns at the site of growth change.

When pressed, the legs are sore. In case of removal of the stratum corneum or injury, blood inclusions appear on the wart, as the capillaries that feed it are damaged. The sole wart grows deep in the skin. As a result, growth increases and new spines appear. If left untreated, they are painful when walking. The appearance of the feet is not attractive. In some cases, they disappear on their own.

Sole wart: causes of formation

The main reason for their appearance is exposure to a certain type of human papillomavirus, which does not degenerate into malignancies. Many people are carriers of it, but an individual falls ill only under certain conditions, such as nervous system disorders, immunodeficiency, foot sweating. Transmission occurs in contact with unprotected skin with an object that may contain virus particles for several months, or with a separate vehicle. A humid environment contributes to a faster infection caused by cuts or microcracks in the dermis when walking without special shoes in changing rooms, swimming pools, public toilets or dirty ground. The virus penetrates deep into the skin. The incubation period lasts several weeks or months. Children are most susceptible to this pathology due to an underdeveloped immune system. Once in the body, the virus may not work for years. However, mental injuries, stress, illness, that is, the weakening of the body's defenses, provide an incentive for wart formation. The provocative factor is tight and uncomfortable shoes.

Wart diagnostics and signs on the feet

A visual examination of the feet and other parts of the body by a dermatologist is sufficient for diagnosis. No specific treatment is required, so wart particles are not sent for analysis. However, if it is necessary to choose a method of destruction, they extract the scratch from the growing surface and perform a laboratory study of it.

The root of the plantar wart enters deep into the tissues as it travels, pressure is applied to it and the pain receptors below it are compressed. This results in soreness. The main symptoms are:

  • appearance of growths on the sole of the foot;
  • small thickenings that visually resemble kalus;
  • pain occurs when walking and wearing uncomfortable shoes;
  • the color of the dermis at the place of growth changes to yellow.
laser plantar wart removal

In the initial stage of infection, the soles of the soles of the feet are smooth and fleshy, painless seals. Next, pressing the sore area causes pain that intensifies when you walk or make any other touch. After a short period, another so-called daughter formation is formed or a whole colony of growths emerges, which causes a lot of inconvenience to their owner.

Treatment with folk methods

Treatment of plantar warts at home can be started with proven recipes of traditional medicine:

  1. Onion.Mix a small piece of onion, chopped in the groats, with vinegar. Put the resulting mixture on the wart before going to bed, while covering the whole dermis with plaster to avoid burns.
  2. Horseradish or garlic.The mixture is prepared as in the previous recipe.
  3. Strutene.For fifteen days, the plant juice is smeared on the affected area several times a day.
  4. Nettles.This plant is used when there is a wart colony. Shredded or ground leaves are spread on clean burdock leaves and attracted to the infected area.
  5. Lemon.Based on the peel of vinegar and fruit, a tincture is prepared, which is used to treat the wart up to three times a day, while the healthy dermis is protected with plaster.
plantar wart remover onion

Regardless of the recipe you choose, treating plantar warts at home will be more effective if you first create a foot bath with soapy water and sodium bicarbonate. The advantage of these recipes is their ease of preparation and lack of contraindications for use. However, if there is no result within two weeks, you should consult a doctor who will recommend other ways to remove the plantar warts.

Drug treatment

You can remove warts at home not only using folk methods, but also with special drugs. Before using them, a course of therapy is performed, the aim of which is to soften the stratum corneum of the growing surface. Bactericides or corn patches are used for this purpose for several days. Then go directly to the spine treatment.

The main drug-containing substance has a destructive effect on the structure of wart tissue:

  1. Alcoholic solution of salicylic acid. Used in the form of a compress that is applied to the affected area twice a day.
  2. Salicylic ointment. Plantar warts are considered to be one of the most effective remedies. Apply to bed on your back before bed and secure with a bandage. In the morning, the softened warts are removed. The manipulation is repeated until the accumulation disappears completely.

Vitamin supplements are recommended during the treatment period to maintain and strengthen the immune system.

How are plantar warts removed

In addition to the folk and medicinal method of handling thorns, other, equally effective, instrumental methods are used:

  1. Electrocoagulation. The painful growth is removed with a special electric scalpel. After manipulation, small wounds and scars remain on the dermis. This method is not suitable for deep accumulation.
  2. Radio wave removal. It is a high-tech manipulation. Ultrasound frequencies act on the spine and destroy it without leaving scars on the dermis.
  3. It is also possible to get rid of plantar warts with surgery. Removal is performed under local anesthesia in a hospital. The growth is scraped with a special medical device - Volkmann spoon. The postoperative period is long and painful.
  4. Cryodestruction. The principle of operation is to freeze the accumulation with liquid nitrogen and then remove it. The procedure takes about a minute, but is quite painful. After manipulation, a small blister forms. He needs careful care, which your doctor will tell you more about.
  5. Laser removal of plantar warts. This method is widely used. It works accurately and painlessly, only the tissues affected by the virus are removed. Until the wound is completely healed, the damaged dermis is treated with an antiseptic or disinfectant.
plantar wart remover

The use of the above spine removal methods is often supplemented by topical therapy. For this purpose, antivirals are used in the form of ointments and subcutaneous injections. As a result, the risk of relapse is significantly reduced and the effectiveness of treatment is increased.

Prevention of warts

As a preventive measure for plantar warts, you should:

  • wear comfortable shoes in sizes, preferably made of natural materials;
  • Treat injuries or foot injuries with antiseptics carefully.
  • to treat sweaty feet;
  • exercise;
  • do not walk barefoot in swimming pools, saunas;
  • to observe the rules of personal hygiene;
  • take vitamins;
  • strengthen the immune system.

Warts on children's feet

Growths are quite common in children. The plantar wart can last for a long time in a child, and when the body matures, it disappears without a trace. This phenomenon is associated with immunity, which independently copes with the human papillomavirus that caused the growth. In some babies, the disease progresses. In this case, several warts form. The most common causes are:

  • trauma to the dermis;
  • stress;
  • sweating feet;
  • uncomfortable footwear;
  • weak immunity.

A dermatologist is involved in diagnosing and removing growths. To avoid confusing the wart with other skin problems, your doctor may perform a dermatoscopy. As a result, the top layer of epithelium is removed and black dots that are clogged capillaries are clearly visible. In some cases, if a child has a plantar wart, an ultrasound is performed to find out how deep they have grown inside. One of the first signs of accumulation is the formation of a small, well-defined, smooth-textured seal on the foot. A rough layer of the epidermis then appears on the surface of the spine. Often the formation is solitary, however, if the activity of the virus is high, then a whole colony appears. Children have pain when walking, discomfort. Due to the constant rubbing of the sole skin on the shoes, it thickens. Babies are starting to be on a whim and can't get on their feet normally.

Wart treatment and prevention in children

As mentioned above, the growths may disappear on their own, but in some cases you should seek medical help. There are several methods for removing plantar warts:

  • laser;
  • nitrogen;
  • radio wave radiation.

The above are physical types. Chemical is the use of drugs that contain various alkalis and acids that contribute to the death of the body of warts. Electrocoagulation is rarely used in pediatric practice. From folk methods are used calendula leaves, garlic compress, celandine juice.

Preventive measures include:

  • wearing shoes made of natural materials;
  • use of orthopedic insoles for deformity of the baby's foot;
  • regular foot care (baths, emollients);
  • rejection of uncomfortable and tight shoes;
  • strengthening the immune system.

Wart removal with liquid nitrogen

The method of burning plantar warts with liquid nitrogen is based on the principle of cryodestruction, that is, biological tissues are destroyed under the influence of low temperature. As a result, the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the frozen tissues is not performed. All metabolic processes freeze and the wart dies. Contraindications to the use of liquid nitrogen are:

  • acute conditions of infection;
  • allergy to cold;
  • if the adjacent wart has herpes or other viral skin lesions;
  • high pressure;
  • pregnancy;
  • epilepsy;
  • if there is a rosacea in the growth zone.
plantar wart removal with liquid nitrogen

The wart removal scheme is as follows. The applicator is a wooden stick with a cotton cap. It is moistened with nitrogen, applied to the wart for a few seconds. Thereafter, the steps are repeated and the period of moxibustion gradually increases as the accumulation reaches deep into the skin. Such manipulations are performed at intervals of five days. The recovery period will also take more than one day. Sick leave is sometimes required because the pain persists for several weeks when walking, and it is very often difficult for patients to get on their feet. This procedure is acceptable for adults, but it will hurt for children. This is due to the fact that warts can be numerous and have deep roots. In addition, prolonged freezing may cause redness, swelling and the formation of a small blister or blister. Do not be afraid of these phenomena, your doctor will tell you how to deal with them. There are various reviews of the cryopreservation method in the fight against plantar warts, but mostly positive, it is widely popular. People note that scars and traces do not remain after complete healing. Of course, there are complaints about pain, but these feelings are individual to everyone.

The best remedies for warts on the feet

Today's pharmaceutical industry produces a wide range of products against plantar warts. Let's try to figure them out. All known medicines can be divided into the following groups:

  1. Treatment solutions and iodine. All drugs promote softening and exfoliation, have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects. Contraindications to their use are up to three years of age, individual intolerance to certain components and the acute period of foot skin disease.
  2. Vegetable essential oils: celandine, wormwood, thuja, castor, tea tree, ichthyol. They have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, emollient properties. Allergic reactions, pregnancy, childhood - this is a ban on the use of these agents.
  3. Ointments. They are especially effective in the early stages of treatment. Due to its unique composition, the active substance penetrates the body of the wart and destroys it.
  4. Pills. The use of antiviral drugs and immunomodulators destroys the virus from the inside and reduces the risk of re-infection.
  5. Patches. A wide range of anti-carp plasters in pharmacies. They are a sticky plate impregnated with a medicine whose main ingredient is salicylic acid. Adhesive pads impregnated with ink extract are produced for pregnant women; they are safe for expectant mothers and the fetus. Before going to bed, the plaster is glued and fixed on the pre-steamed wart. Salicylic patches are not intended for use in children under 12 years of age, pregnant or breastfeeding women, with foot injuries, allergic manifestations of salicylic acid and chronic kidney disease. Side effects include itching, redness, inflammation and dermatitis.
  6. Means for freezing the house - spray, spray. The composition includes a container with a freezing agent, an applicator holder, devices for applying the product to the wart and detailed instructions for use.
  7. Medical pencils with celandine extract or lapis. The main component is silver nitrate, which has necrotizing, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effects on the dermis.
foot bath for plantar warts

How to get rid of plantar warts using the above tools, your doctor (dermatologist) will tell you who will choose the most effective medicine and course of treatment. Therapeutic self-management is associated with complications and relapse.