How is HPV spread? The human papillomavirus is an infection that promotes the development of papillomas on the human body and its mucous membranes. Almost 70% of the world's population are carriers of HPV. But only in 3-7% of cases the virus manifests itself in different forms. The human papilloma virus can be easily transmitted from a person who is a carrier of the infection. To protect yourself from HPV, it is important to understand how the human papillomavirus is transmitted and what prevention methods should be used to avoid infection.
HPV in humans
HPV is transmitted to a person sexually from a man to a woman or through a household. Virus strains can be benign or become cancerous over time. Therefore, if papillomas appear on the body or mucous membranes, you must undergo the necessary diagnostic procedures to select an effective treatment.
HPV actively grows in healthy adult and pediatric cells. Once in the body, it begins to attack the DNA of cells, penetrating their structure and promoting pathological changes. Over time, papillomas, warts, or genital warts begin to appear. They grow on the surface of the skin, on the mucous membranes and on the internal organs. The trick of this virus is that the HPV carrier may not be aware of the presence of the infection for a long time. Sometimes the virus can hide for years, after which it can grow actively under any favorable conditions. A solitary formation or group of papillomas may appear. The human papilloma virus can cause cervical cancer in women.
Before you understand how a human papillomavirus infection is transmitted, you need to know what factors contribute to the infection. The risk group includes people who:
- Sex partners are often changed.
- They prefer unprotected sex.
- Have oral sex.
- Suffering from diabetes.
- Alcohol abuse, smoking or drugs.
- If women take long-term hormonal medications.
- If immunity is low and the person is prone to frequent colds.
- With depression, stress, nervous system disorders.
- If you have a genital tract infection.
How is HPV transmitted
The leading position in HPV infection is sexual contact with a sick person. Many people believe that the human papilloma virus is not transmitted during protected sex. So does a condom protect against HPV? In fact, the risk of infection, even if a condom is used, is quite high. This is due to the fact that HPV is so microscopic in size that it can easily penetrate the pores of a condom. Women are particularly infected because the mucous membrane is an ideal environment for the virus to develop. Also, a condom will not be able to prevent infection in women if the papillomas in the man are not on the genitals, but on the sacrum and testicles. Therefore, you should know that papillomas are transmitted even in the presence of protective equipment. The risk of infection is very high if the patient has already developed formations.
How not to infect your partner during sex? First, it is important to understand that papillomas are contagious and anyone can be infected. It is very important to have a permanent partner. In this case, the possibility of infection is minimal, so all necessary safety measures will be taken. A woman or a man will also know for sure if their partner is contagious.
Despite the types of infection, HPV is most susceptible to young people under the age of 30. At the age of 45, the number of cases is much lower, because by then people have already developed immunity.
How else can you get infected with the human papilloma virus? The spread of the infection can occur in the household. The ways in which HPV is transmitted can be very different. You need to know how HPV is transmitted in this case.
The most common infections occur with the patient's personal belongings: towels, washcloths, slippers and a toothbrush.
Because HPV reproduces well in humid conditions, there is no guarantee that the virus will not enter the body when you visit a sauna, bath, or pool. Therefore, everyone visiting such places is recommended to use rubber slippers. The virus most often appears on the feet. A microscopic wound or crack is enough for HPV to enter the body.
Beauty salons and massage rooms
How else can I get papilloma? Women are at risk because they like to visit solariums, do manicures and pedicures. There is no guarantee that the master will use sterile instruments, and if they have previously been manipulated with the HPV carrier, the virus will enter the body without failure.
Infection at birth
Are papillomas contagious to a pregnant woman and do they not endanger the health of the baby? There are statistics on mother-to-child transmission. This happens when the fetus moves through the birth canal. Therefore, there is a high probability that the child will be diagnosed with the virus. These children often have their HPV go away and do not need treatment.
Can you get infected by kissing or shaking your hands? This pathway of infection is also quite common. When kissing an infected person, the risk of the disease is particularly high. The virus is well rooted and actively multiplies on the mucous membranes. In the presence of HPV, laryngeal and oral cancer is quite common.
Is the human papilloma virus inherited?
Doctors' opinions differ here. There is a version that the risk of infection is those who are or have been infected among close relatives. Some argue that all you need to get HPV is contact.
Is papilloma contagious to someone who already has the virus?
A person can cause the development of papillomas in themselves if the formation comes into contact with healthy skin or mucous membranes. To introduce the virus, microcracks are enough to start multiplying on any part of the body or mucous membranes. Therefore, infected individuals should monitor personal hygiene and epidermal integrity to avoid self-infection.
By knowing what papillomas are and how the virus is transmitted, you can protect yourself from the virus entering the body. If one partner is ill, the other should also have diagnostic tests to identify HPV. It is important to understand that papillomas not only damage the appearance, but can also degenerate into cancerous tumors under favorable conditions. Women are particularly susceptible to the development of oncology. Therefore, it is important not to delay treatment to prevent degeneration of the formations.